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State of Environment & Land

Central Darling Shire Council

State of the Environment

Central Darling Shire Council is the largest Council area in New South Wales serving a population of 2,390 (as per the Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2003), and covering an area of 53,511 square kilometres. Central Darling Shire is located in the far west of New South Wales where dry a climate is predominant.

Central Darling Shire Council has distributed average yearly rainfall of 287 millimetres (Bureau of Meteorology 1996) and characteristically hot summers (19 degrees C - 42 degrees C). Winters are typically cold (1 degree C - 17 degrees C). Winds are quite variable throughout the year but predominantly south to southeast in summer and south, southwest to westerly in winter (Bureau of Meteorology 1996).

Central Darling Shire Council plays host to four towns and several rural locations. The towns are Wilcannia, Menindee, Ivanhoe and White Cliffs and the rural locations include Tilpa, Sunset Strip, Darnick and Mossgiel.

European settlement commenced in the Central Darling Shire Council area around 1850 causing degradation of the native flora and fauna by grazing and the introduction of feral animals. Since this time, there has been no dramatic change in land use. Major efforts are being made to control degradation by reducing feral animal numbers, the introduction of National Parks and Wildlife and also many rural properties becoming wildlife refuges or game reserves. Public awareness in environmental issues is assisting to reduce the rate of degeneration throughout the Shire.

Unfortunately the Central Darling Shire Council has experienced a decline in population since early settlement due to road transport replacing paddle steamers and, of late, the closure of the local Government Organisations such as the Telecom Line Yard, Roads and Traffic Authority Depot and New South Wales State Rail Depot; this in turn has seen the closure of business houses that were dependant on their trade.

Downloads

State of the Envrionment Report 2009-2010 (PDF - 1087.7KB)